A basic guide about real estate law

What is real estate law?

Real estate law or real property law draws a distinction between personal property, which includes objects, real property, and land. Real estate law deals with all the laws and regulations related to real estate. This particular domain regulates the process of sale and purchase of property and establishes what is legal or illegal related to the property. There are several components of real estate law including but not limited to, title, purchase, financing, taxes, zoning, etc.

Who practices real state law and how does it work?

This area of law involves lawyers undertaking transactions on behalf of their clients as well as helping their clients understand the laws that are to be followed when buying or selling a property.

In the US, there are various federal as well as state real estate laws that property lawyers should take into account while giving suggestions to their clients or representing them in courts. There are a few laws that are stipulated by the federal government, however, the primary laws are state-specific and therefore, lawyers must be aware of the law that applies to their cases.

Property is an expensive and scarce resource. It is crucial that every client looking to carry out real estate transactions is aware of the real estate market, the laws governing it, and the responsibility of an attorney towards its clients as well.

What qualities should a real estate lawyer have?

A legal property right is governed by a property deed, which is an official document that grants the owner interest in the property. A deed is to be drafted with great care. Several types of deeds differ based on the type of interest you would have in the property. An attorney should be well-versed with the state laws that stipulate the creation, execution, and registration of the deed.

When working on behalf of a client, a lawyer is set to give life to the intentions and wishes of the client. A transaction of property may seem simple, but it requires quite a deliberation for smooth transition. For example, if three people choose to buy property together, they can be either joint and equal owners or individual owners according to their investment in the property. This distinction is to be made in the wordings of the deed itself. A real estate lawyer should be able to understand all the local, state and federal property laws. Moreover, the lawyer must be able to provide sound legal advice without any biasness to its clients. A real estate lawyer should have excellent communication skills while being available as well as sincere to its clients.

What does real estate law include?

Real estate law is very detailed and complex. This domain has various regulations for zoning, taxation, leases, tenancy, and rentals. This law, as mentioned above, may differ in every state.

What a person can do with their property is limited and restricted by law. Every area with property is likely to be divided into zones such as residential, commercial, and industrial, these are then subdivided entailing further restrictions and formalities with it. As zones are made by the local authorities, attorneys usually stay in touch with the concerned authorities to assist clients in making restrictions flexible.

The government imposes taxes on real estate, however, the taxes are usually undetermined for which you might need an expert’s opinion. It is the attorney’s job to circumvent the payment of extra taxes that could otherwise be exempted.

In addition to buying and selling property, concepts such as leasing, tenancy, and rentals are also a part of real estate law. The terms of the leases tenancy and rental contracts can be crucial in a dispute. They are critical for the owner as well as the lessee, tenant, or rentee. Real estate attorneys are useful in reading, understanding, comprehending, and drafting an agreement before the client signs it and becomes bound by the law.

Surprising to most, short-term rental facilities such as Hotels also form a part of real estate law and such transactions are regulated by it. These regulations are updated regularly and sometimes changed by the government. The laws on these rentals are generally conflicting and controversial, a real estate lawyer is likely to find his/her way through a legal issue arising in this situation.


As real estate laws tend to be state-specific. There’s also a possibility that you will find a real estate lawyer around you, whether you are in a large city or a small town. Real estate lawyers tend to have their separate practice as well as they can be a part of a larger firm or a firm dedicated to real estate law only.

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