Metformin is a medicine that can be recommended to be used alone or with some other medicines to deal with type 2 diabetes. It is prescribed when the body does not normally accept insulin and cannot regulate the level of blood glucose. Metformin should be used along with exercise and a proper diet. It also revives the body’s response against insulin and helps to balance the level of glucose in your blood.

What are the Side Effects of Metformin

While the drug is helpful in doing the job it is meant for, Metformin may cause some undesirable side effects.

While taking metformin, if any of the following side effects occur do consult your doctor immediately.

  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Chills or fever
  • Lower back pain
  • Cramps
  • Nausea
  • Unconsciousness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Stomach ache
  • Breathing difficulty

Before starting Metformin medication, your doctor needs to check other body functions as well. For this, they might review your medical conditions, your allergies, medicines you are taking or the treatment you are having along with the glucose level your blood is producing before and after meals. The doctor also needs to monitor your medical history. If you have type 1 diabetes, then metformin is not the right medicine for you.

Metformin Side Effects in Women

Mostly, women suffered from PCOS, which is caused by various environmental factors or is in your genes. Increased insulin level in the blood develops health complications for PCOS patients, which is observed generally in women. Studies show that taking metformin helps them minimize the PCOS effect on women. Side effects that usually occur in women using metformin are:

  • Weight loss
  • Skin problem
  • Fatigue and some other health issues can be treated by using Vitamin B12, CoQ10, and Folic Acid (Vitamin B9)

Side Effects in Men Who Consume Alcohol

Men who drink alcohol might not take metformin as drinking alcohol increases the risk of hypoglycemia. Talk to your doctor about the amount of alcohol that is safe to consume while taking metformin.

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The side effects of the long-term use of metformin include:

  • Digestive problems
  • Dizziness
  • Low blood sugar
  • Low blood vitamin level
  • Muscular pain
  • Respiratory problems

  • Kidney problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot problems
  • Cardiac issues

Sometimes, metformin produces lactic acidosis that can cause serious side effects such as heart attack, low blood pressure, and even death.

Because it contains excessive amounts of carcinogens that cause cancer.

You should stop eating foods that have fiber and most importantly limit your alcohol consumption.